Module 3: RRR Business Models

RRR Case Studies

In the context of the Resource Recovery and Safe Reuse (RRR) Project a total number of 50 actual RRR business ventures from India, Peru, Uganda and Vietnam have been identified and analysed with respect to the kind, type and amount of in-/outputs, the value chain and the venture’s position in the same, the business opportunity (i.e. market needs, market penetration and competition, macro-economic forces, etc.), the business model and competitive strategy, key technologies and processes, financing, scalability and replicability as well as socio-economic, health and environmental impacts. The findings are compiled in and will be available as RRR Case Studies Catalogue here from March 2015 onwards.

Generic RRR Business Models

The analysed RRR Business Cases have been grouped, generalised and compiled into a total number of 21 generic RRR Business Models (see RRR Business Model Catalogue, which will be available here from March 2015 onwards). The generic RRR Business Models are categorized into the three main RRR business fields “energy”, “nutrients” and “wastewater” and vary in nature and complexity, ranging from “Dry Fuel Manufacturing from Municipal Solid and/or Liquid Waste” to “Reuse of Faecal Sludge for Agricultural Production” and “Wastewater Treatment for Irrigation”.

About Business Models

A business model describes the rationale of how an organisation creates, delivers, and captures value.The Business Model Canvas (BMC) is a tool that can be used to translate a business model into nine building blocks that show the logic of how a company intends to make money. The main purpose of a business model canvas is to foster understanding, encourage discussion, creativity and analysis. The nine building blocks of the BMC are:

  • Customer Segments (CS)
  • Value Propositions (VP)
  • Channels (CH)
  • Customer Relationships (CR)
  • Revenue Streams (RS)
  • Key Resources (KR)
  • Key Activities (KA)
  • Key Partnerships (KP)
  • Cost Structure (CS)